Source: Boeing

Fourth Quarter 2022

  • Generated $3.5 billion of operating cash flow and $3.1 billion of free cash flow (non-GAAP); cash and marketable securities of $17.2 billion
  • Certification efforts continue on 737-7 and 737-10
  • Delivered 152 commercial airplanes and recorded 376 net orders

Full Year 2022

  • Generated $3.5 billion of operating cash flow and $2.3 billion of free cash flow (non-GAAP)
  • Delivered 480 commercial airplanes and recorded 808 net orders
  • Total company backlog grew to $404 billion; including over 4,500 commercial airplanes

Outlook for 2023

  • Reaffirming guidance: $4.5-$6.5 billion of operating cash flow and $3.0-$5.0 billion free cash flow (non-GAAP)
Table 1. Summary Financial Results Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Dollars in Millions, except per share data) 2022 2021 Change 2022 2021 Change
Revenues $19,980 $14,793 35 % $66,608 $62,286 7 %
Loss From Operations ($353) ($4,171) NM ($3,547) ($2,902) NM
Operating Margin (1.8) % (28.2) % NM (5.3) % (4.7) % NM
Net Loss ($663) ($4,164) NM ($5,053) ($4,290) NM
Loss Per Share ($1.06) ($7.02) NM ($8.30) ($7.15) NM
Operating Cash Flow $3,457 $716 383 % $3,512 ($3,416) NM
Core Operating Loss ($650) ($4,536) NM ($4,690) ($4,075) NM
Core Operating Margin (3.3) % (30.7) % NM (7.0) % (6.5) % NM
Core Loss Per Share ($1.75) ($7.69) NM ($11.06) ($9.44) NM
*Non-GAAP measure; complete definitions of Boeing’s non-GAAP measures are on page 5, “Non-GAAP Measures Disclosures.”Â

The Boeing Company [NYSE: BA] recorded fourth-quarter revenue of $20.0 billion, GAAP loss per share of ($1.06), and core loss per share (non-GAAP)* of ($1.75) (Table 1). Boeing also generated $3.5 billion of operating cash flow and $3.1 billion of free cash flow (non-GAAP). Results improved on commercial volume and performance.

“We had a solid fourth quarter, and 2022 proved to be an important year in our recovery,” said Dave Calhoun, Boeing President and Chief Executive Officer. “Demand across our portfolio is strong, and we remain focused on driving stability in our operations and within the supply chain to meet our commitments in 2023 and beyond. We are investing in our business, innovating and prioritizing safety, quality and transparency in all that we do. While challenges remain, we are well positioned and are on the right path to restoring our operational and financial strength.”

Table 2. Cash Flow Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Millions) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Operating Cash Flow $3,457 $716 $3,512 ($3,416)
Less Additions to Property, Plant & Equipment ($326) ($222) ($1,222) ($980)
Free Cash Flow* $3,131 $494 $2,290 ($4,396)
*Non-GAAP measure; complete definitions of Boeing’s non-GAAP measures are on page 5, “Non-GAAP Measures Disclosures.”Â

Operating cash flow improved to $3.5 billion in the quarter, reflecting higher commercial deliveries and timing of receipts and expenditures (Table 2).Â

Table 3. Cash, Marketable Securities and Debt Balances Quarter-End
(Billions) Q4 22 Q3 22
Cash $14.6 $13.5
Marketable Securities1 $2.6 $0.8
Total $17.2 $14.3
Consolidated Debt $57.0 $57.2
1 Marketable securities consist primarily of time deposits due within one year classified as “short-term investments.”

Cash and investments in marketable securities increased to $17.2 billion, compared to $14.3 billion at the beginning of the quarter, primarily driven by cash from operations (Table 3). The company has access to credit facilities of $12.0 billion, which remain undrawn.

Total company backlog at quarter-end was $404 billion.

Segment Results

Commercial Airplanes

Table 4. Commercial Airplanes Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Dollars in Millions) 2022 2021 Change 2022 2021 Change
Commercial Airplanes Deliveries 152 99 54 % 480 340 41 %
Revenues $9,224 $4,750 94 % $25,867 $19,493 33 %
Loss from Operations ($626) ($4,454) NM ($2,370) ($6,475) NM
Operating Margin (6.8) % (93.8) % NM (9.2) % (33.2) % NM

Commercial Airplanes fourth-quarter revenue increased to $9.2 billion driven by higher 737 and 787 deliveries, partially offset by 787 customer considerations (Table 4). Operating margin of (6.8) percent also reflects abnormal costs and period expenses, including research and development.

The 737 program is stabilizing production rate at 31 per month with plans to ramp production to approximately 50 per month in the 2025/2026 timeframe. Additionally, the 787 program continues at a low production rate with plans to ramp production to five per month in late 2023 and to 10 per month in the 2025/2026 timeframe.

During the quarter, the company secured net orders for 376 aircraft, including an order from United Airlines for 100 737 MAX and 100 787 airplanes. Commercial Airplanes delivered 152 airplanes during the quarter and backlog included over 4,500 airplanes valued at $330 billion.

Defense, Space & Security

Table 5. Defense, Space & Security Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Dollars in Millions) 2022 2021 Change 2022 2021 Change
Revenues $6,181 $5,862 5 % $23,162 $26,540 (13) %
Earnings/(loss) from Operations $112 ($255) NM ($3,544) $1,544 NM
Operating Margin 1.8 % (4.4) % NM (15.3) % 5.8 % NM

Defense, Space & Security fourth-quarter revenue was $6.2 billion. Fourth-quarter operating margin of 1.8 percent reflects the continued operational impact of labor instability and supply chain disruption.

Defense, Space & Security delivered 45 aircraft and three satellites, including the first P-8A Poseidon to New Zealand. Also in the quarter, the Boeing-built Space Launch System core stage powered the first Artemis I mission to the moon and the T-7A program completed engine testing.

During the quarter, Defense, Space & Security captured awards from Japan for two KC-46A Tankers and from the Egyptian Air Force for 12 CH-47F Chinook helicopters. Backlog at Defense, Space & Security was $54 billion, of which 28 percent represents orders from customers outside the U.S.

Global Services

Table 6. Global Services Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Dollars in Millions) 2022 2021 Change 2022 2021 Change
Revenues $4,567 $4,291 6 % $17,611 $16,328 8 %
Earnings from Operations $634 $401 58 % $2,727 $2,017 35 %
Operating Margin 13.9 % 9.3 % 4.6 pts 15.5 % 12.4 % 3.1 pts

Global Services fourth-quarter revenue of $4.6 billion and operating margin of 13.9 percent reflect higher commercial volume, partially offset by lower government volume.

During the quarter, Global Services finalized the U.S. Air Force F-15 depot support order and opened the Germany Distribution Center to serve 6,000+ customers with chemicals and specialty materials.

Additional Financial Information

Table 7. Additional Financial Information Fourth Quarter Full Year
(Dollars in Millions) 2022 2021 2022 2021
Boeing Capital $49 $63 $199 $272
Unallocated items, eliminations and other ($41) ($173) ($231) ($347)
Earnings/(loss) from Operations
Boeing Capital $15 $7 $29 $106
FAS/CAS service cost adjustment $297 $365 $1,143 $1,173
Other unallocated items and eliminations ($785) ($235) ($1,532) ($1,267)
Other income, net $336 $132 $1,058 $551
Interest and debt expense ($632) ($661) ($2,533) ($2,682)
Effective tax rate (2.2) % 11.4 % (0.6) % 14.8 %

At quarter-end, Boeing Capital’s net portfolio balance was $1.5 billion. The increase in loss from other unallocated items and eliminations was driven by timing of allocations, share based compensation and deferred compensation expense. The change in other income was primarily due to increased interest rates driving increased investment income. The fourth quarter effective tax rate primarily reflects tax expense driven by an increase in the valuation allowance.

Non-GAAP Measures Disclosures

We supplement the reporting of our financial information determined under Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the United States of America (GAAP) with certain non-GAAP financial information. The non-GAAP financial information presented excludes certain significant items that may not be indicative of, or are unrelated to, results from our ongoing business operations. We believe that these non-GAAP measures provide investors with additional insight into the company’s ongoing business performance. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related GAAP measures, and other companies may define such measures differently. We encourage investors to review our financial statements and publicly-filed reports in their entirety and not to rely on any single financial measure. The following definitions are provided:

Core Operating Loss, Core Operating Margin and Core Loss Per Share

Core operating loss is defined as GAAP earnings from operations excluding the FAS/CAS service cost adjustment. The FAS/CAS service cost adjustment represents the difference between the Financial Accounting Standards (FAS) pension and postretirement service costs calculated under GAAP and costs allocated to the business segments. Core operating margin is defined as core operating loss expressed as a percentage of revenue. Core (loss)/earnings per share is defined as GAAP diluted earnings per share excluding the net earnings per share impact of the FAS/CAS service cost adjustment and Non-operating pension and postretirement expenses. Non-operating pension and postretirement expenses represent the components of net periodic benefit costs other than service cost. Pension costs, comprising service and prior service costs computed in accordance with GAAP are allocated to Commercial Airplanes and BGS businesses supporting commercial customers. Pension costs allocated to BDS and BGS businesses supporting government customers are computed in accordance with U.S. Government Cost Accounting Standards (CAS), which employ different actuarial assumptions and accounting conventions than GAAP. CAS costs are allocable to government contracts. Other postretirement benefit costs are allocated to all business segments based on CAS, which is generally based on benefits paid. Management uses core operating (loss)/earnings, core operating margin and core loss per share for purposes of evaluating and forecasting underlying business performance. Management believes these core measures provide investors additional insights into operational performance as they exclude non-service pension and post-retirement costs, which primarily represent costs driven by market factors and costs not allocable to government contracts. A reconciliation between the non-GAAP and GAAP measures is provided on pages 12 & 13.

Free Cash Flow

Free cash flow is GAAP operating cash flow reduced by capital expenditures for property, plant and equipment. Management believes free cash flow provides investors with an important perspective on the cash available for shareholders, debt repayment, and acquisitions after making the capital investments required to support ongoing business operations and long term value creation. Free cash flow does not represent the residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures as it excludes certain mandatory expenditures such as repayment of maturing debt. Management uses free cash flow as a measure to assess both business performance and overall liquidity. See Table 2 on page 2 and page 14 for reconciliations of free cash flow to GAAP operating cash flow.

Caution Concerning Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “may,” “should,” “expects,” “intends,” “projects,” “plans,” “believes,” “estimates,” “targets,” “anticipates,” and similar expressions generally identify these forward-looking statements. Examples of forward-looking statements include statements relating to our future financial condition and operating results, as well as any other statement that does not directly relate to any historical or current fact. Forward-looking statements are based on expectations and assumptions that we believe to be reasonable when made, but that may not prove to be accurate. These statements are not guarantees and are subject to risks, uncertainties, and changes in circumstances that are difficult to predict. Many factors could cause actual results to differ materially and adversely from these forward-looking statements. Among these factors are risks related to: (1) general conditions in the economy and our industry, including those due to regulatory changes; (2) our reliance on our commercial airline customers; (3) the overall health of our aircraft production system, planned commercial aircraft production rate changes, our ability to successfully develop and certify new aircraft or new derivative aircraft, and the ability of our aircraft to meet stringent performance and reliability standards; (4) changing budget and appropriation levels and acquisition priorities of the U.S. government; (5) our dependence on our subcontractors and suppliers, as well as the availability of highly skilled labor and raw materials; (6) competition within our markets; (7) our non-U.S. operations and sales to non-U.S. customers; (8) changes in accounting estimates; (9) realizing the anticipated benefits of mergers, acquisitions, joint ventures/strategic alliances or divestitures; (10) our dependence on U.S. government contracts; (11) our reliance on fixed-price contracts; (12) our reliance on cost-type contracts; (13) contracts that include in-orbit incentive payments; (14) unauthorized access to our, our customers’ and/or our suppliers’ information and systems; (15) potential business disruptions, including threats to physical security or our information technology systems, extreme weather (including effects of climate change) or other acts of nature, and pandemics or other public health crises; (16) potential adverse developments in new or pending litigation and/or government inquiries or investigations; (17) potential environmental liabilities; (18) effects of climate change and legal, regulatory or market responses to such change; (19) changes in our ability to obtain debt financing on commercially reasonable terms, at competitive rates and in sufficient amounts; (20) substantial pension and other postretirement benefit obligations; (21) the adequacy of our insurance coverage; (22) customer and aircraft concentration in our customer financing portfolio; and (23) work stoppages or other labor disruptions.

Additional information concerning these and other factors can be found in our filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and Current Reports on Form 8-K. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we assume no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events, or otherwise, except as required by law.